The world’s first ‘SMART train’: Track-less train that runs on ‘virtual railways’ begins operating in China
The rail system, called ART or Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit, has been developed by China’s CRRC Corporation Limited, one of the world’s largest train manufacturers.
It’s set to speed up public transportation of Zhuzhou, a city with about four million residents, before being popularised to other parts of China.
CHINA’S SMART RAIL
The CRRC Corporation Limited began designing the new system in 2013.
The transit system uses rubber wheels on a plastic core and has new technology copyrighted by the rail corporation.
The track-less train is said to have a life-span of around 25 years.
After 10 minutes of charging, the train can travel 25 kilometres (15.5 miles).
The train, sporting sleek livery, is somewhat a hybrid between a long bus and a traditional tram. It could carry much more passengers than a bus and unlike a tram, it doesn’t run on physical railway tracks.
The invisible railway measures 3.75 metres (12.3 feet) wide and is embodied by dotted lines painted on the road.
According to Feng Jianghua, chief engineer of the train, the virtual railway system is much cheaper to build compared to a tram or subway system.
Mr Feng said it would cost 150 to 200 million yuan (£17 to 23 million) to build one kilometre (0.6 miles) of tramway in China, but with the high-tech virtual line, the cost would be reduced to 50 to 100 million yuan (£5.7 to 11.4 million) for the same distance.
Mr Feng also said the train identifies the pavement and has various sensors to collect travel information.
Three ‘smart trains’ are being tested on the road of Zhuzhou.
The rail line is set to open officially next Spring. The trains are expected to be automated in the near future.